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Environmental Fluid Mechanics (EFM) studies the motion of air and water at several different scales, the fate and transport of species carried along by these fluids, and the interactions among those flows and geological, biological, and engineered systems. EFM emerged some decades ago as a response to the need for tools to study problems of flow and transport in rivers, estuaries, lakes, groundwater and the atmosphere; it is a topic of increasing importance for decision makers, engineers, and researchers alike. The second edition of the successful textbook "Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces" is still aimed at providing a comprehensive overview of fluid mechanical processes occurring at the different interfaces existing in the realm of EFM, such as the air-water interface, the air-land interface, the water-sediment interface, the surface water-groundwater interface, the water-vegetation interface, and the water-biological systems interface. Across any of these interfaces mass, momentum, and heat are exchanged through different fluid mechanical processes over various spatial and temporal scales. In this second edition, the unique feature of this book, considering all the topics from the point of view of the concept of environmental interface, was maintained while the chapters were updated and five new chapters have been added to significantly enlarge the coverage of the subject area. The book starts with a chapter introducing the concept of EFM and its scope, scales, processes and systems. Then, the book is structured in three parts with fifteen chapters. Part one, which is composed of four chapters, covers the processes occurring at the interfaces between the atmosphere and the surface of the land and the seas, including the transport of dust and the dispersion of passive substances within the atmosphere. Part two deals in five chapters with the fluid mechanics at the air-water interface at small scales and sediment-water interface, including the advective diffusion of air bubbles, the hyporheic exchange and the tidal bores. Finally, part three discusses in six chapters the processes at the interfaces between fluids and biotic systems, such as transport processes in the soil-vegetation-lower atmosphere system, turbulence and wind above and within the forest canopy, flow and mass transport in vegetated open channels, transport processes to and from benthic plants and animals and coupling between interacting environmental interfaces. Each chapter has an educational part, which is structured in four sections: a synopsis of the chapter, a list of keywords that the reader should have encountered in the chapter, a list of questions and a list of unsolved problems related to the topics covered by the chapter. The book will be of interest to graduate students and researchers in environmental sciences, civil engineering and environmental engineering, (geo)physics, atmospheric science, meteorology, limnology, oceanography, and applied mathematics.
Takes a novel approach, that is the discussion of the processes of mass, momentum, and heat exchange at various environmental interfacesSupplies updates and five new chaptersBrings together researchers with many years of experience in the topics covered
Part one – Preliminaries1. Environmental fluid mechanics: Current issues and future outlook B. Cushman-Roisin, C. Gualtieri & D.T. MihailovicPart two – Processes at atmospheric interfaces2. Point source atmospheric diffusionB. Rajkovic, I. Arsenic & Z. Grsic3. Air–sea interaction V. Djurdjevic & B. Rajkovic4. Modelling of flux exchanges between heterogeneous surfaces and atmosphere D.T. Mihailovic & D. Kapor5. Desert dust uptake-transport and deposition mechanisms – impacts of dust on radiation, clouds and precipitation G. Kallos, P. Katsafados & C. SpyrouPart three – Processes at water interfaces6. Gas-transfer at unsheared free-surfaces C. Gualtieri & G. Pulci Doria7. Advective diffusion of air bubbles in turbulent water flows H. Chanson8. Exchanges at the bed sediments-water column interface F.A. Bombardelli & P.A. Moreno9. Surface water and streambed sediment interaction: The hyporheic exchange D. Tonina10. Environmental fluid dynamics of tidal bores: Theoretical considerations and field observations H. ChansonPart four – Processes at interfaces of biotic systems11. Transport processes in the soil-vegetation-lower atmosphere system D.T. Mihailovic12. Turbulence and wind above and within the forest canopy B. Lalic & D.T. Mihailovic13. Flow and mass transport in vegetated surface waters Y. Tanino14. Uniform flow and boundary layers over rigid vegetation P. Gualtieri & G. Pulci Doria15. Mass transport in aquatic environments G. Nishihara & J.D. Ackerman16. Maps serving as the combined coupling between interacting environmental interfaces and their behavior in the presence of dynamical noise D.T. Mihailovic & I. BalažAuthor index Subject index
Carlo Gualtieri :- Carlo Gualtieri is currently Assistant Professor in Environmental Hydraulics at the Hydraulic, Geotechnical and Environmental Engineering Department (DIGA) of the University of Napoli Federico II. He received a B.Sc. in Hydraulic Engineering at the University of Napoli Federico II, where he also received a M.Sc. in Environmental Engineering and a Ph.D. in Environmental Engineering. Prof. Gualtieri published 102 peer reviewed scientific papers, including 25 publications in scientific journals, 53 papers in conference proceedings, and 24 other refereed publications in subjects related to environmental hydraulics and computational environmental fluid mechanics, with over 80 papers, experimental investigations of two-phase flows, water supply networks management and environmental risk. He is co-author of 2 textbooks on Hydraulics and author of a textbook on Environmental Hydraulics. He co-edited the books Fluid Mechanics of Environmental Interfaces (Taylor & Francis, 2008) and Advances in Environmental Fluid Mechanics (World Scientific, 2010). Since 2006 he is a member of the Editorial Board of Environmental Modelling and Software (Elsevier) and since 2008 of Environmental Fluid Mechanics (Springer). He contributed as reviewer to several scientific journals (e.g. Environmental Fluid Mechanics, Environmental Modeling and Software, Journal of Environmental Engineering ASCE, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering ASCE, Journal of Hydraulic Research, Experiments in Fluids, Advances in Water Resources, Water Resources Research, etc.) and as external examiner for Ph.D. thesis in foreign countries. He is co-organizer of the Environmental Fluid Mechanics session at the International Environmental Modelling & Software Society (iEMSs) biennial conferences since 2004. He is also active as expert reviewer for research funding agencies in several countries. He is member of the International Association for Hydro-Environment Engineering and Research (IAHR) and of the iEMSs.