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The Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) aims at enhancing the livelihood security of people in rural areas by guaranteeing 100 days of wage payment in a financial year to those rural households whose adult members volunteer to do unskilled manual work. A vast majority of these individuals are marginal farmers and landless labourers whose incomes are insufficient to support their family. For long, they have been dependent on casual wage works involving migration -- seasonal or on a long-term basis. Keeping such section of the population in mind, the MGNREGA was launched in 2006. The Act seeks to create durable assets and strengthen the livelihood resource base of the rural poor. The single major difference between the previous welfare schemes and MGNREGA is that all the previous schemes and programmes were allocation based while MGNREGA is a demand-based programme. The choice of works suggested in the Act addresses causes of chronic poverty, like drought, deforestation, soil erosion, and so on, so that the process of employment generation is carried out on a sustainable basis. There are numerous examples of such exemplary works being undertaken as a part of this scheme. This volume of case studies is the culmination of an intensive documentation exercise done by a very talented pool of researchers. These case studies have been picked up from various states including Andhra Pradesh, Bihar, Jharkhand, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, Sikkim, Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal and serve as representative specimens of how the benefits of the scheme have been leveraged to improvise upon the natural resources and public goods.
1. MIS for Tracking of Workers, Works and Funds in Sikkim2. Role of MGNREGA in Disaster Mitigation in Uttarakhand3. Convergence of MGNREGA with Rural Sanitation in Rajasthan4. Impact of MGNREGA on the Migration of Workforce: East Singhbhum, Jharkhand5. Labour Budget – Preparation of Plan: Andhra Pradesh6. Public – Private – PRI – Community Partnership for Sustainable Development – Gulbarga, Karnataka7. NREGS V/S MGNREGA: Maharashtra8. Social Audit and Community Empowerment in West Bengal9. Social Security Schemes: Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana [RSBY] & MGNREGA, Madhya Pradesh10. Electronic Fund Management System (e-FMS), Chhattisgarh11. MGNREGA Wage Rate V/S Market Rate in Haryana12. Shortage of Agriculture Labour: Hoshiarpur, Punjab13. Non Availability of Unskilled Labour in Industry: Gujarat14. Ombudsman: An Effective Tool in MGNREGA: Himachal Pradesh15. Outsourcing in Administration in MGNREGA Gujarat16. gnrega in Tamil Nadu Quality Management: Cost17. Sustainable Livelihood Support – Skill Development To Maintain Assets Created Under MGNREGA18. Vulnerable Groups MGNREGA, Odisha19. Wage Payment Through Bank & Post Office-Financial Inclusion in Gulbarga, Karnataka
Kush Verma :- Dr. Kush Verma is an IAS officer of the 1979 batch of Uttar Pradesh Cadre, and was the first Director General of National Centre for Good Governance (NCGG), Government of India. Prior to joining NCGG, he worked as Director General, National Institute of Administrative Research, Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration, Mussoorie. He is currently holding charge as Commissioner, National Capital Region, Uttar Pradesh. Previously, he has held various notable positions in the Government of Uttar Pradesh as well as in the Government of India. He has published several papers in the field of General Administration, Development, Labour Issues, Tourism etc. He has also presented papers in various international and national level seminars & workshops. He has been granted a Ph.D. degree from Jamia Millia Islamia University, New Delhi on the challenging topic, ‘Redesigning India’s Civil Services’. He has also delivered lectures at places of repute including the National Institute of Labour, NOIDA, LBSNAA, Mussoorie, Indian Institute of Public Administration, New Delhi, Bankers Institute of Rural Development, Lucknow etc.Poonam Singh :- Poonam Singh is Associate Professor, & Head, Social Development Division, National Centre for Good Governance (NCGG), DoPT, GoI, New Delhi. She holds M.A. in Political Science and Post Graduate Diploma in Rural Development. She has twenty years of work experience in Social Development Sector especially in Planning, Monitoring Research and Training. She has worked as Lecturer, Gaya College, Gaya (Magadh University, Bihar) and has worked in Bihar Education Project, District Primary Education Program (DPEP) and Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) in Bihar, Uttarakhand, Rajasthan and Uttar Pradesh. Poonam Singh has also worked as Associate Professor, National Institute of Administrative Research (NIAR), Lal Bahadur Shastri National Academy of Administration (LBSNAA), Mussoorie and coordinated various projects and studies related to Research, Monitoring and Training pertaining to Rural Governance for various states and Uts.