The last five decades have witnessed a tremendous upsurge in the amount of xenobiotic compounds in the environment by industrial activities, some of them being highly toxic, recalcitrant with high bio-accumulating and bio-magnification properties. Whilst biotechnology is the development of products or processes using plants, animals or micro-organisms, ''Environmental Biotechnology'' is the multidisciplinary integration of sciences and engineering to utilise the huge biochemical potential of microorganisms and plants for the sustenance of resources. Recent advances in biotechnology have driven forward the harnessing of micro-organisms and plants to help and protect our fragile environment and formation of ecofriendly products. The aim of this book is to determine the processes and utilization of raw materials in the industries, formation and release of pollutants (air, water and soil) in the environment, effect and impact of the pollutants on biotic and abiotic components of the environment and finally identifying the physical, chemical, biological and alternating methods for treatment of pollutants in the industrial effluents. Efforts have also been made to identify the methods for bioconversion and recovery of products from the effluents by biotechnological methods.
1.Pulp and paper industry 2.Leather tanning industry 3.Distillery industry 4.Dye and intermediates industry 5.Petroleum industry 6.Pharmaceutical industry 7.Pesticides industry 8.Caustic soda industry 9.Thermal power plants 10.Food and beverages industry 11.Heavy metals industry
Indu Shekhar Thakur :- Indu Shekhar Thakur, is currently working as a Professor in the School of Environmental Sciences of Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, India. He obtained Postgraduate degree from the School of Life Sciences, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi, and Ph.D. degree from School of Environmental Sciences of the same University. He joined the Department of Environmental Sciences of G.B. Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar, Uttaranchal, India, as Assistant Professor (1987-1998) and Associate Professor (1998-2003). During the same period he joined Gesellschaft fur Biotechnologische Forschung mbH, (1992-1994) Braunschweig, Germany, as Postdoctoral BATI scientist, and developed biotechnological methods for degradation and bioremediation of chlorinated compounds in the environment. He also generated strain-specific monoclonal antibody probes against dioxin-degrading bacteria, Sphingomonas sp. RW1, and applied it for detection of bacterial strain for bioremediation of dioxin. Dr. Thakur is teaching different courses related to Environmental Sciences since last twenty three years. He published more than sixty research papers in peer reviewed International Journals and twenty in National Journals. In addition he also presented more than ninety papers in scientific conferences and project committee meetings. He deposited seventeen gene sequences in GenBank.