The need of instrumentation in biological sciences began with the development of the telescope and the microscope by Galileo in the early 1600s. The invention of the compound microscope in 1610 gave birth to microscopic anatomy. In the 19th and early 20th century, microscopic anatomy opened up the areas of biological chemistry. The research in biology follows this by including more emphasis on process, quantification, problem solving, and “open-ended” laboratory activities. The measurement of physical, chemical and biological parameters using instruments in any living organisms is known as bioinstrumentation. The realization of the present-day accomplishments in many disciplines has come out through the applications of inventions of modern scientific instruments. The modern scientific researches stand on two pillars, i.e., idea and technology. Ideas involve fresh insights, new concepts, and innovative approaches to scientific problems. Technology includes the development and use of complex scientific instruments and techniques. Ideas and technology are complementary and to a large extent, interdependent, most research projects in the physical, chemical and biological sciences depend upon the access to modern complex scientific instruments.
M.H. Fulekar :- M.H. Fulekar is Professor of Environmental Biotechnology in University Department of Life Sciences, University of Mumbai. He was Head, University Department of Life Sciences, University of Mumbai (2005-2008). He is Academic Coordinator of UMDAE CBS (Biology) Mumbai. He is Chairman of Ad hoc Board of Studies in Life Sciences, University of Mumbai and Chairman of Ad hoc Board of Studies in Environmental Sciences, Nagpur University. He is also rendering his expertise in Life Sciences/ Environmental Sciences to various scientific bodies/organizations. He has had an international assignment on industrial hygiene/chemical safety in Australia, Bangkok and Singapore. He has to his credit a number of research papers and articles published in international and national journals of repute. He is the author of: Environmental Biotechnology: Chemical Safety and Industrial Hygiene, Dictionary of Biotechnology (IK International), and Bioinformatics: Applications in Life & Environmental Sciences. His biography was included in “The Marquis Who’s Outstanding Scientist of the 20th Century” in 2000 by International Biographical Centre, Cambridge, England. He is also a member of New York Academy of Sciences, USA. He is well known nationally and internationally for his work on environment sciences/environmental biotechnology.Bhawana Pandey :- Bhawana Pandey is Assistant Professor, School of Environment and Sustainable Development, Central University of Gujarat. She was awarded CSIR- Research Associateship and worked at GBPHIED kosi, Almora. She obtained her M.Sc. in Botany with Gold Medal from kumaun University, Nainital and Ph.D. from G. B. Pant Institute of Himalayan Environment and Development, Almora. She has published more than 25 research papers in international and national journals. Her areas of interest includes Biodiversity and Environmental Biotechnology.
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