This textbook brings together the fundamentals of the macroscopic and microscopic aspects of thermal physics by presenting thermodynamics and statistical mechanics as complementary theories based on small numbers of postulates. The book is designed to give the instructor flexibility in structuring courses for advanced undergraduates and/or beginning graduate students and is written on the principle that a good text should also be a good reference.The presentation of thermodynamics follows the logic of Clausius and Kelvin while relating the concepts involved to familiar phenomena and the modern student's knowledge of the atomic nature of matter. Another unique aspect of the book is the treatment of the mathematics involved. The essential mathematical concepts are briefly reviewed before using them, and the similarity of the mathematics to that employed in other fields of physics is emphasized.The text gives in depth treatments of low density gases, harmonic solids, magnetic and dielectric materials, phase transitions, and the concept of entropy. The microcanonical, canonical, and grand canonical ensembles of statistical mechanics are derived and used as the starting point for the analysis of fluctuations, blackbody radiation, the Maxwell distribution, Fermi-Dirac statistics, Bose-Einstein condensation, and the statistical basis of computer simulations.
1. Fundamentals 32. First Law of Thermodynamics 193. Properties and Partial Derivatives 274. Processes in Gases 455. Phase Transitions 616. Reversible and Irreversible Processes 757. Second Law of Thermodynamics 918. Temperature Scales and Absolute Zero 1099. State Space and Differentials 11710. Entropy 13911. Consequences of Existence of Entropy 16512. Thermodynamic Potentials 18513. Phase Transitions and Open Systems 20114. Dielectric and Magnetic Systems 21915. Molecular Models 23716. Kinetic Theory of Gases 25517. Microscopic Significance of Entropy 27318. Ensembles 29119. Partition Function 31120. Quantum Systems 33121. Independent Particles and Paramagnetism 34922. Fluctuations and Energy Distributions 37123. Generalizations and Diatomic Gases 39324. Photons and Phonons 41725. Grand Canonical Ensemble 43526. Fermions and Bosons 44527. Fermi and Bose Gases 46128. Interacting Systems 47529. Computer Simulations 489Answers to Problems 505Index 509
Robert J. Hardy :- Robert J. Hardy Department of Physics, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USAChristian Binek :- Christian Binek Department of Physics, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, USA